ERIC Number: ED376656
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-May-20
Reference Count: N/A
Restructuring Special Education: The Third Generation of School Reform.
Swartz, Stanley L.
This speech addresses the restructuring of special and regular education into one integrated system in a third generation of school reform. Six serious issues demonstrate the need for reform: (1) poor quality of disability identification and evaluation; (2) a classification system governed by fads rather than student needs; (3) minimal mainstreaming of students with mild to moderate disabilities; (4) funding problems; (5) ambivalence by professionals concerning parent involvement; and (6) lack of positive data regarding student outcomes. The two previous generations of school reform focused, first, on raising standards and then on teacher empowerment and site-based management. The third generation of reform must focus on the student as the primary producer of educational outcomes and reject the premises that instructional needs warrant a dual system of education, that this dual system is efficient, and that students with disabilities are a separate and needy group. A new view of students must emphasize the continuum of student abilities, student outcomes, and the active engagement of students in their own learning. Labels for students must be discontinued and all students served in an inclusive environment. School administrators can lead the way by challenging teachers and fostering an inclusive environment. (Contains 23 references.) (DB)
Descriptors: Administrator Role, Disabilities, Educational Change, Educational Objectives, Educational Trends, Elementary Secondary Education, Inclusive Schools, Instructional Effectiveness, Labeling (of Persons), Regular and Special Education Relationship, School Administration, School Restructuring, Trend Analysis
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Administrators; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the California Administrators of Special Education (Indian Wells, CA, May 20, 1993).