ERIC Number: ED376637
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Aug
Shortages in Professions Working with Young Children with Disabilities and Their Families.
This paper synthesizes information about shortages among the professions working with young children with disabilities, birth through age 5, and their families. The paper begins with a look at national data on personnel working in early intervention and preschool special education. Distinctions between the work force in early intervention (Part H of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act) and preschool special education (Part B of the IDEA) are clarified. The paper reports that teachers and paraprofessionals make up the largest portion of the more than 30,000 individuals working in early intervention; teachers and speech-language pathologists working with preschoolers total more than 17,000 (with no data on related services personnel). The paper examines shortages in key professions and what the future is likely to hold for them, focusing on physical and occupational therapists, speech-language pathologists, nurses, and teachers. Other issues related to personnel planning are discussed, including personnel quality, the impact of contracted services, and program adaptation to personnel shortages. The paper then explores various approaches and some of the challenges to quantifying shortages. The paper closes with a discussion of possible responses to the problem, such as decreasing attrition, staffing differently, and revising professional standards to increase supply. (Contains 36 references.) (JDD)
Descriptors: Disabilities, Early Childhood Education, Early Intervention, Labor Market, Nurses, Occupational Therapy, Paraprofessional Personnel, Personnel Needs, Physical Therapy, Speech Therapy, Teacher Shortage, Teachers, Therapists, Young Children
NEC*TAS Coordinating Office Publications, 550 NationsBank Plaza, 137 E. Franklin St., Chapel Hill, NC 27514 ($5, quantity discounts available).
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill. Frank Porter Graham Center.
Note: A product of the National Early Childhood Technical Assistance System.