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ERIC Number: ED376631
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Jan
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Male-Female Characteristics of Fragile X Syndrome.
Caron, Jackie
Fragile X syndrome is the most common cause of mental retardation next to Down syndrome. The syndrome is more prevalent in males because they only have one X chromosome, where the gene for fragile X is carried, while women have two X chromosomes and the normal gene can compensate for the affected chromosome. Certain physical features are associated with the syndrome, such as elongated faces and hyperextensible finger joints. Children with fragile X have IQs that decline as they become adults. Language problems affect all males with fragile X, even those that have a normal IQ. Many prepubertal males may have borderline IQs, learning disabilities, attention deficits, and hyperactivity. Primary weaknesses include arithmetic, short-term memory, and signs of autistic behavior that lasts into adulthood. Women with fragile X show milder symptoms than men, both in physical and cognitive problems. One of the main treatments for fragile X is folic acid, along with special education, language therapy, occupational therapy, and psychotherapy. Genetic counseling is very important for anyone who is aware of having or being a carrier of the fragile X syndrome. (Contains 12 references.) (JDD)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A