ERIC Number: ED376560
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994
The Third Curriculum II. Student Activities.
Klesse, Edward J.
Schools serve as agents of socialization, that help adolescents to become self-governing adults. In addition to the school's academic program, cocurricular activities function as mechanisms for attaining necessary goals of student development, such as self-esteem, interpersonal skills, and leadership. This document presents the rationale for including cocurricular activities in a school curriculum and reviews research on the impact of such programs on student academic success. Information is provided on their role in student development, the characteristics of participating and nonparticipating students, effects on students beyond graduation from high school, students' reasons for participation, the various types of activities, the roles of administrators and parents, and costs. In summary, participation in cocurricular activities relates to a number of desirable characteristics, including self-esteem, educational aspirations, feelings of control, and lower levels of alienation. One clear need is for research that systematically examines the relationships of participation in different types of activities. Participants who devoted about seven and one-half hours per week (the average amount of time spent in cocurricular activities) fared well academically, spent more time on homework, and expected to go further in school. Contains 69 references. (LMI)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, After School Programs, Curriculum, Extracurricular Activities, High Schools, School Activities, Socialization, Student Development, Student Interests, Student Participation
National Association of Secondary School Principals, Division of Student Activities, 1904 Association Drive, Reston, VA 22091-1537.
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Association of Secondary School Principals, Reston, VA. Div. of Student Activities.
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A