ERIC Number: ED376215
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Nov
Group Collaboration in Assessment: Competing Objectives, Processes, and Outcomes. Project 2.1: Designs for Assessing Individual and Group Problem Solving. Effects of Group Characteristics on Groups and Individual Performance.
Webb, Noreen M.
A number of theoretical and practical issues are explored that need to be considered in the design of assessments that use group collaboration to be sure that collaboration works toward, rather than away from, the purpose of the assessment. The traditional purpose of assessment has been to measure individual competence of students in thinking skills and subject matter knowledge. A second purpose can be to measure how well students can perform after they have been given an opportunity to learn from group collaboration. Another purpose is to measure group productivity, and a fourth is to measure student ability to collaborate and function as part of a team. The purpose of the assessment, the goal of group work, and the group processes must be specified clearly and must be measurable. Evaluation procedures and criteria must be consistent with the goal of group work. Students do not automatically know how to work with others, and must be prepared for group assessments. A variety of strategies are suggested for preparation and effective collaboration. (Contains 119 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center for Research on Evaluation, Standards, and Student Testing, Los Angeles, CA.