ERIC Number: ED375995
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Jan
The Invisible Poor: Rural Youth in America.
Hodgkinson, Harold; Obarakpor, Anita Massey
This report summarizes demographic information about rural populations in the United States and discusses a variety of issues that are relevant to rural youth poverty. Although recent poverty rates for rural areas were higher than urban poverty rates, the media and political forces have almost completely neglected the rural poor. Extensive census reports and statistical data are abstracted in an attempt to characterize rural areas demographically, to differentiate and define these areas, and to draw attention to the poverty of rural youth compared with youth poverty in metropolitan centers. The following areas are considered: (1) population trends; (2) jobs, wages, and unemployment; (3) wealth and poverty distribution; (4) geographic and ethnic distributions; (5) rural youth, the rural "hyper-poor," and migrant children; (6) health issues; and (7) educational issues. The report contrasts rural and metropolitan school size, teacher and administrator responsibilities and benefits, and student performance. A final section discusses the importance of public policy changes focused on comprehensive services and new economic opportunities that may allow rural areas to maintain their current residents and rural children to achieve their potential. Contains 30 references. (RAH)
Descriptors: Demography, Early Childhood Education, Educational Attainment, Elementary Secondary Education, Poverty Areas, Rural Areas, Rural Development, Rural Economics, Rural Education, Rural Population, Rural Schools, Rural Urban Differences, Rural Youth, Youth Opportunities
Publications Dept., Institute for Educational Leadership, Inc., 1001 Connecticut Ave., N.W., Suite 310, Washington, DC 20036 (1-9 copies, $12 each; 10-24, $8 each; 25 or more, $6 each).
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: EXXON Education Foundation, New York, NY.; U.S. West Foundation.
Authoring Institution: Institute for Educational Leadership, Washington, DC.
Note: Maps may not reproduce clearly.