ERIC Number: ED375968
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994
A New Generation of Evidence: The Family is Critical to Student Achievement.
Henderson, Anne T., Ed.; Berla, Nancy, Ed.
This report covers 66 studies, reviews, reports, analyses, and books. Of these 39 are new; 27 have been carried over from previous editions. An ERIC search was conducted to identify relevant studies. Noting that the most accurate predictor of student achievement is the extent to which the family is involved in his or her education, this report presents a collection of research papers on the function and importance of family to a student's achievement and education in school and the community. The research is divided into two categories: (1) studies on programs and interventions from early childhood through high school, including school policy; and (2) studies on family processes. The first category presents studies that evaluate or assess the effects of programs and other interventions, including early childhood and preschool programs and home visits for families with infants and toddlers, programs to help elementary and middle schools work more closely with families, and high school programs and community efforts to support families in providing wider opportunities for young people. The second category presents studies on the way that families behave and interact with their children, including the relationship between parent involvement and student achievement from the family perspective, characteristics of families as learning environments and their effects on student performance, and class and cultural mismatch. Two pages are devoted to each study. Each study is summarized; key elements of the program and important findings are presented. Major findings indicate that the family makes critical contributions to student achievement from the earliest childhood years through high school, and efforts to improve children's outcomes are much more effective when the family is actively involved. (AP)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Early Childhood Education, Elementary Secondary Education, Family Environment, Family Influence, Family Programs, Family School Relationship, Intervention, Outcomes of Education, Parent Education, Parent Participation, Parent Student Relationship, School Community Relationship, School Policy, School Readiness, Socioeconomic Status
Publication Type: Reference Materials - General
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Mott (C.S.) Foundation, Flint, MI.; Danforth Foundation, St. Louis, MO.
Authoring Institution: National Committee for Citizens in Education, Washington, DC.
IES Cited: ED502720