ERIC Number: ED375933
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Aug-23
Students in Caring School and Classroom Communities.
Solomon, Daniel; Battistich, Victor
This study examined the sense of community felt by students and teachers at 24 elementary schools in 6 school districts in different regions of the United States. The study is based on the assumption that students who feel part of a caring community will adopt the community's norms and values. On a 38-item questionnaire, students indicated the degree to which they considered their schools and classrooms to be caring communities. The study also assessed the poverty level of the students; classroom activities and practices (through observations); teacher attitudes and reports of classroom practices and of school climate; and student attitudes, motives and behavior. The study found that: (1) teacher perceptions and reports of community generally corroborated those of students; (2) both community and poverty level related to many of the student, teacher, and observational measures, with more positive results in high community and low poverty schools; and (3) many of the community effects held in schools at different poverty levels. (MDM)
Descriptors: Class Activities, Classroom Environment, Community, Educational Environment, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Elementary Schools, National Surveys, School Attitudes, Socioeconomic Status, Student Adjustment, Student Attitudes, Student Behavior, Student School Relationship, Teacher Attitudes, Teacher Student Relationship
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: San Francisco Foundation, CA.; William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, Palo Alto, CA.; John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Pew Charitable Trusts, Philadelphia, PA.; Spunk Fund, Inc.; Annenberg Foundation, St. Davids, PA.; Danforth Foundation, St. Louis, MO.
Authoring Institution: Developmental Studies Center, Oakland, CA.
What Works Clearinghouse Reviewed: Meets Evidence Standards with Reservations
IES Cited: ED493768
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (101st, Toronto, Canada, August 20-24, 1993).