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ERIC Number: ED375624
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989
Pages: 181
Abstractor: N/A
ISBN: ISBN-0-521-27260-2
Testing for Language Teachers.
Hughes, Arthur
The book is designed to help language teachers write better tests, taking the view that test construction is an exercise in problem-solving, with every teaching situation presenting a different problem that an understanding of the underlying principles of testing can help solve. Examples are given from testing of English as a Second Language (ESL). The first chapter discusses the relationship between teaching and testing, and the second presents the notion of testing as problem-solving. Various kinds of tests (proficiency, achievement, diagnostic, placement) and testing (direct/indirect, discrete-point/integrative, norm-referenced/criterion-referenced, objective/subjective, communicative) are reviewed in the third chapter. Test validity and reliability are discussed in chapters 4 and 5. The potential for "beneficial backwash," or learning from the testing experience, is explored in chapter 6. Chapters 7 and 8 outline stages in test construction (writing specifications, writing the test, pretesting, validation) and techniques for testing overall ability through multiple-choice items. Five subsequent chapters discuss testing techniques in relation to particular abilities: writing; oral ability; reading; listening; and grammar and vocabulary. A final chapter lists considerations and procedures in test administration. An article on statistical analysis of test results, questions from one standardized English test, a bibliography, and an index are appended. (MSE)
Cambridge University Press, 40 West 20th St., New York, NY 1011-4211 (paperback: ISBN-0-521-27260-2, $14.95; clothbound: ISBN-0-521-25264-4, $39.95).
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A