ERIC Number: ED375514
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994
Educational Facilities for the Twenty-First Century: Research Analysis and Design Patterns.
Moore, Gary T.; Lackney, Jeffery A.
This handbook examines the relationship between school buildings and educational performance. Following the introductory chapter, chapter 2 presents findings from empirical studies that have examined the building/performance issue. Research has demonstrated that the physical setting has both direct and mediated effects on prosocial and achievement outcomes. Chapter 3 presents an ecological model that accounts for physical, psychological, and social environmental factors that affect student outcomes. The fourth chapter offers an analysis based on a review of empirical research, architectural literature, and educational reform literature to inductively develop a set of 27 design patterns. Two patterns based on environment-behavior research are highlighted--small schools and well-defined activity pockets. Chapter 5 discusses implications from the educational reform literature. The complete set of 27 patterns is presented in the sixth chapter. Chapter 7 presents an example that uses patterns to create a prototypical design for a new type of educational facility. The final chapter focuses on the earlier stages of the facility development process, those of feasibility and planning. A reconceptualization of an existing educational facility planning model is offered. A total of 42 figures and 1 table are included. (LMI)
Descriptors: Educational Environment, Educational Facilities Design, Educational Facilities Improvement, Educational Facilities Planning, Elementary Secondary Education, Institutional Environment, School Buildings, School Size, School Space
Center for Architecture and Urban Planning Research, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI 53201-0413 (Report No. R94-1; $18).
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Milwaukee. School of Architecture and Urban Planning.