ERIC Number: ED375366
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Explaining the Relation between Academic Motivation and Substance Use: Effects of Family Relationships and Self Esteem.
Andrews, Judy A.; And Others
The inverse relation between academic motivation and substance use has been well established, but the direction of the influence remains to be specified; two possible influences are the mediating and moderating effects of family relationships and self-esteem. In this study, investigators used General Estimating Equation (GEE) models based on data from four annual assessments of adolescents, 12 to 16 years of age. The adolescents' mothers were included in the study. Families were recruited from moderate-sized northwestern urban areas; 91.7 percent of the participants were Caucasian. The results suggest that substance use leads to a decrease in academic motivation one year later. However, the data did not support a direct path of academic motivation to substance use, as researchers found mediating effects for alcohol use and moderating effects for cigarette and marijuana use for both males and females. A somewhat surprising result was that for boys and older girls, good family relationships increased the inverse effect of academic motivation on marijuana use. This may be due to the additional pressures that parents from families with good relationships place on their children for academic success. Eight tables present the statistical summaries for this study. Contains 24 references. (RJM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research on Adolescence (San Diego, CA, February 9-13, 1994).