ERIC Number: ED375351
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993
Test-Wiseness, Memory, and Academic Performance in University Students.
Gentry, Janine M.; Perry, James S.
This study examines the relationship between test-wiseness, memory, and grade-point average in college students. Test wiseness is defined as a subject's capacity to utilize the characteristics and format of a test to receive a higher score, independent of the examinee's knowledge of the subject matter. Researchers hypothesized that test-wiseness and memory skills are correlated with a student's grade-point average. Ninety-eight college students served as subjects (63 percent female). The participants completed a demographics sheet, the Test-Wiseness Test (TWT), and three memory scales. Results indicated significant correlations between six of the variable combinations. The highest positive correlation occurred between test-wiseness and grade-point average, suggesting that a person who uses resources wisely will make higher grades. Significant correlations also occurred between Meaningful Memory and grade-point average, as well as Memory Span and grade-point average. Associate or Rote Memory--the ability to recall material learned in a non-meaningful manner--was the only scale which did not correlate significantly with grade-point average. Results also indicated a relationship between short- and long-term memory and test-wiseness. Contains 10 references. (RJM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A