ERIC Number: ED375326
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Aug-15
The Contribution of Social Roles to Psychological Distress in Businesswomen.
Abrams, Leslie R.; Jones, Russell W.
A study examined the relationship between the quality and number of domestic and work roles in businesswomen and psychological distress. The study attempted to answer the question: As the number of roles increases does distress increase? The study also considered what aspects of the roles elevate or diminish psychological distress. Following an extensive literature review that revealed contradictory findings about women, roles, and stress, information was gathered through a survey of 104 participants from the University of Chicago Women's Business Group. Participants completed a short survey designed to measure the dispositional characteristics of stress reaction; the rewards and concerns inherent within the roles of worker, partner, and parent; psychological distress; and demographics. Analysis of the scores on the research instruments showed that as the number of roles increased, the level of psychological distress decreased. The positive attributes of assuming multiple roles seemed to offset the pressures leading to psychological distress. This effect was assumed to result from the possibility that having multiple roles cushioned negative stress from any one of the roles. (Contains 56 references.) (KC)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (Los Angeles, CA, August 15, 1994).