ERIC Number: ED375305
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994
Reference Count: N/A
What Employers Want: Youth Labor Markets and School-to-work Transition Programs. EQW Issues Number 6.
Two studies tested the feasibility of a national school-to-work transition venture. One study involved focus groups of employers in eight cities to identify incentives encouraging employers to take part in youth work-based learning programs. The second involved a telephone survey of employers in seven cities who had participated in local apprenticeship or cooperative education programs regarding reasons for participation and satisfaction with the quality of students. Focus group results indicated large firms' chief concern was to recycle their current work force; they showed little interest in school-to-work transition programs. Small business owners were hiring displaced workers. Employers were critical of youth and high schools and had turned to college students and graduates for new employees. When asked about their willingness to participate in a work-based learning program, employers said screening was the pivotal concern. Employers in the second study praised the quality and contributions of young workers. The following suggestions were made to encourage employers to participate in school-to-work transition programs: defining the problem--fewer good jobs; focusing national attention by investing in work; being more flexible; making the youth labor market itself more supportive of young people's ambitions; having schools focus on work readiness; extending the concept of national service to include a strong work component; and conducting a national school-to-work transition program with effective employer organizations. (YLB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center on the Educational Quality of the Workforce, Philadelphia, PA.