ERIC Number: ED374980
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Apr
Effect of Feedback on Student Behavior in Cooperative Learning Groups: A Case Study of a Grade 7 Math Class.
Ross, John A.
Grade 7 mathematics students (n=18) were audiotaped while working in cooperative learning groups on 4 occasions over a 16 week period. After the second and third recordings, students were given edited transcripts of their discussions and were trained in how to interpret them. They used an instrument to appraise their group processes 1-2 times per week thereafter. The self-assessment had a beneficial impact on the frequency and quality of help seeking and help giving, and on student attitudes toward asking for help. The effect of the assessment procedures was attributed to three factors: (1) the feedback strengthened helpfulness norms built up in the classroom over the previous 4 months of cooperative learning implementation; (2) the feedback increased students' skill in asking for and giving help; and (3) the assessment enhanced students' self-efficacy. The paper includes the group appraisal instrument, coding scheme, and questions for comparing transcripts. Contains 65 references. (Author/MKR)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, Ottawa (Ontario).; Ontario Ministry of Education and Training, Toronto.
Authoring Institution: Ontario Inst. for Studies in Education, Toronto.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New Orleans, LA, April 4-8, 1994).