ERIC Number: ED374576
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
The Americans with Disabilities Act: Using Job Analysis To Meet New Challenges.
Lozada-Larsen, Susana R.
This paper focuses on the role that job analysis plays under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). The most obvious use of job analysis data is in defining the essential functions of each job. The job analysis technique used should: list the functions of the job, define which functions are essential rather than marginal, and offer proof of essentiality. A quantitative approach to job analysis distills information into objective, empirical data that are amenable to analysis across positions, jobs, or job families. In a qualitative approach, narrative descriptions are obtained from public sources, commercial sources, or written by personnel administrators or employees. It is doubtful that any qualitative technique would produce the kind of information necessary for compliance with ADA. The job analysis should define the functions of the job in such a manner so as not to confuse "what" is accomplished with "how" it is typically accomplished. The job analysis should also examine work schedules; machines, equipment, or devices used; and the work environment or facilities. Not all job analysis techniques are equally suited to ADA requirements for job information. The cost of choosing the wrong technique could be substantial, ranging from failure to establish proof of essentiality to obfuscation of means of reasonable accommodation. There is probably no one job analysis technique that can meet all the requirements of ADA. (JDD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Administrators; Community; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Americans with Disabilities Act 1990