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ERIC Number: ED374366
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994
Pages: 25
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Parallels between Art and Verbal Therapeutic Communication.
Anderson, Krista; And Others
For several years, researchers have systematically investigated therapeutic communication in the counseling relationship. Although comparative studies have assessed the similarities and differences among various approaches, no one has compared verbal and art therapeutic communication. This study analyzed the demonstrated equivalence of verbal and art therapeutic communication in ten individual interview sessions using a well-explicated model: the SITE (sequential initiating, tracking, and enhancing) skills model. Two men and three women served as voluntary participants for an individual interview session with an art therapist and a separate interview session with a verbal therapist. Investigators recorded 113 observable therapist responses while the total number of SITE responses was 961. Results indicate that art and verbal therapeutic communication used parallel methods and can be evaluated against a common therapeutic standard: the SITE skills model. Although researchers observed differences between these two types of therapy, the pattern of responses was overall more similar than dissimilar. Some other noted similarities included client content control, avoidance of interpretation, and consistent and appropriate responses. Session length and therapist style, especially the art therapist's direct intervention, presented two observable differences in the therapeutic process. It is suggested that verbal therapy and art therapy be used together in a complementary manner. Contains 18 references. (RJM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A