ERIC Number: ED374364
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994
Reference Count: N/A
Cognitive Factors Associated with Depression in a Comparison Study of Helping Professionals.
Griffin, Wayne D.
This study investigated the influence of specific cognitive factors believed associated with the onset and maintenance of depression. Of specific interest was the relationship of dysfunctional attitudes to levels of depression in a comparison of two research populations of helping professionals: Presbyterian Church (USA) clergy and mental health professionals. Data from 515 respondents (51.5 percent clergy, 54.2 percent female) were utilized in regression analysis procedures. Results of the data analysis confirmed a positive, directional association between the level of dysfunctional attitudes and level of depression. The presence and persistence of these dysfunctional attitudes evidently heightened the development of symptoms associated with depression. This finding emphasizes the importance of attending to the influence of cognitive features in personal and professional life. The results do not support the idea that a significant pattern of cognitive resistance to depression was present by virtue of membership in the clergy sample. Test scores indicated that clergy members were at greater risk for symptoms associated with depression than their counselor counterparts. Further study is needed to explore those variables which may increase the efficiency of belief systems as coping mechanisms and thereby reduce the effect of underlying attitudes which predispose a person to depression. (Contains 48 references.) (RJM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale