ERIC Number: ED374352
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
School-to-Work Transition in the U.S.: The Case of the Missing Social Partners. A Report of the Governance and Finance Team of the Comparative Learning Teams Project.
Glover, Robert W.; And Others
A team of U.S. business, labor, and public policy representatives visited Denmark, Germany, and Switzerland to investigate the European approach to preparing young people for the work force. It gathered information on the performance of governance and finance systems abroad and identified their key underlying principles and operations. Six common features were identified across the three countries and offered a sharp contrast to existing U.S. policies and practices: as a national policy, 16- to 20-year-olds in Europe are engaged in mainstream workplaces as both workers and learners; vocational education is industry driven through well-established systems; national frameworks developed through consensus of all partners provide strong direction to the vocational education system without federal bureaucracy; initial training, further training, and retraining are becoming increasingly integrated; the investment in vocational training for youth among the partners is high; and views of accountability and responsibility prevail that contrast significantly with U.S. attitudes. Nine compelling lessons were suggested for the United States: develop national frameworks; build industry-led institutions at the local level; determine the role of the community college; link school-to-work reform with educational restructuring; avoid tracking; think "system," not "program"; upgrade youth jobs; include workers in the process; and develop economic incentives for employers. (YLB)
Descriptors: Accountability, College Role, Community Colleges, Comparative Education, Developed Nations, Education Work Relationship, Foreign Countries, Government School Relationship, Job Training, Postsecondary Education, School Business Relationship, Secondary Education, Unions, Vocational Education, Youth Employment, Youth Programs
Center for Learning and Competitiveness, School of Public Affairs, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 ($5).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: German Marshall Fund of the United States, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Maryland Univ., College Park. Center for Learning and Competitiveness.; Greater Austin Chamber of Commerce, TX.
Identifiers - Location: Denmark; Germany; Switzerland