ERIC Number: ED374248
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Nationwide Participation in 4-H during the 1980s: Information from the Office of Education NELS:88 Study.
Steele, Sara M.; And Others
A study examined national participation in 4-H Club activities during the 1980s. The study population was a carefully drawn sample of 24,500 eighth graders from more than 1,000 public and private schools throughout the country as well as their parents and teachers. The study established that, as of 1988, about one of every six eighth-grade students had at some time participated in 4-H. Fewer than 3% of the eighth-grade 4-H participants were from families who were actively farming, nearly 10% were from a city or suburb, and only 5% expected to be farmers at age 30. Among ethnic groups, Blacks were most likely to participate in 4-H (20% versus 18% of White and 7% of Hispanic students). Nearly one-third of eighth graders participating in 4-H for the first time had annual family incomes below $15,000. Efforts to make 4-H relevant to young teens appeared more successful at the community level than at the national level. The parents of students who remained in 4-H were slightly more likely to be active in school activities. Little indication was found that participation in 4-H results in measurable differences in such areas as better grades, better self-esteem, and more certainty about future plans. (MN)
Descriptors: Agricultural Education, Attendance Patterns, Demography, Dropouts, Educational Benefits, Grade 8, High Risk Students, Interpersonal Relationship, Junior High Schools, National Surveys, Parent Child Relationship, Parent Participation, Self Concept, Student Organizations, Student Participation, Vocational Education
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Extension Service (USDA), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Univ. Extension.