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ERIC Number: ED374143
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Aug-22
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
How Accurate Are Judgments of Intelligence by Strangers?
Borkenau, Peter
Whether judgments made by complete strangers as to the intelligence of subjects are accurate or merely illusory was studied in Germany. Target subjects were 50 female and 50 male adults recruited through a newspaper article. Eighteen judges, who did not know the subjects, were recruited from a university community. Videorecordings of the subjects, with and without a sound recording of the subject reading a weather forecast, were shown to the judges, who estimated how intelligent the subjects were. Ratings by judges were only related to measured intelligence when sound was available, indicating that some acoustic information is crucial for stranger perceptions of intelligence to be accurate and that only verbal intelligence quotient is related to stranger ratings. Strangers tended to rate attractive subjects as intelligent. Although this judgment was illusory, judgment based on fluid reading was fairly accurate. Four tables present study findings. (Contains 7 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A