ERIC Number: ED373920
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994
Reference Count: N/A
A Welcome for Every Child: Care, Education, and Family Support for Infants and Toddlers in Europe.
Kamerman, Sheila B.; Kahn, Alfred J.
This report on European developments in infant and toddler care services was prepared to help define issues and options for the improvement and expansion of infant and toddler care and family support systems in the United States. Introductory comments suggest that advanced industrialized countries have almost unanimously elected universal but voluntary preschool for children for various stated purposes. The report next focuses on six countries whose experiences are most relevant to the United States, providing an overview of child care coverage and options, administration, costs, educational philosophy, staffing, and family support services. Detailed profiles of specific schools, programs, or initiatives are also included. Highlighted findings include the following: (1) Denmark has the highest coverage of child care provision for children under age 3 in Western Europe, combining center care and family day care of high quality; (2) in France, services for children under age 3 are under health auspices, while its preschool program service for children aged 2 to 5 years is under education auspices, and family support services are emerging out of this base as a universal program; (3) Italy has almost all of its 3- to 5-year-olds enrolled in preschool, but has only limited coverage for children under age 3; (4) Finland and Sweden, in systems covering all children to age 7, have pioneered parental at-home options for infant care, while also legislating a right to a guaranteed child care place; and (5) England has the smallest proportion of very young children in out-of-home child care. (AC)
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Day Care, Delivery Systems, Early Childhood Education, Educational Assessment, Educational Development, Family Programs, Foreign Countries, Grouping (Instructional Purposes), Infants, Parent Financial Contribution, Parent Participation, Policy Formation, Preschool Children, Preschool Education, Preschool Teachers, Social Services, Toddlers
Zero to Three/National Center for Clinical Infant Programs, 2000 14th Street North, Suite 380, Arlington, VA 22201-2500.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Zero to Three/National Center for Clinical Infant Programs, Arlington, VA.
Identifiers - Location: Denmark; Finland; France; Italy; United Kingdom (England)