ERIC Number: ED373682
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Health Professions Education: Role of Title VII/VIII Programs in Improving Access to Care Is Unclear. Report to Congressional Committees.
General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.
This study sought to determine if changes in the supply, distribution, and minority representation of health professionals over the past decade have been effective in creating greater access to health care in rural and underserved areas, and if these changes were attributable to programs established under Titles VII and VIII of the Public Health Service Act. A review of relevant data and studies found that, over the past decade, the supply of nearly all health professionals has increased faster than the population. For most health professions, however, data are not available to demonstrate whether this increased supply has translated into more access to care in rural and underserved areas. While almost $2 billion has been provided for 30 Title VII and VIII programs in the last 10 years, evaluations have not shown that these programs had a significant effect on those changes that have occurred in the supply, distribution, and minority representation of health professions. The bulk of the report consists of four appendixes, which provide information about: (1) the objectives, scope and methodology of the study; (2) changes in urban-rural supply and distribution of health professions; (3) changes in minority representation in health education and practice; and (4) the major contributors to the report. (MDM)
Descriptors: Access to Health Care, Allied Health Occupations Education, Federal Programs, Government Role, Health Personnel, Health Services, Higher Education, Medical Education, Minority Groups, Physicians, Poverty Areas, Program Effectiveness, Rural Areas, Rural Urban Differences, Statistical Data, Supply and Demand, Urban Areas
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20884-6015 (first copy free; additional copies, $2 each; 100 or more copies discounted 25%).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Public Health Service Act