ERIC Number: ED373592
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of Education in L1 and Other Factors on the Development of Oral Proficiency in L2 among Adults.
A study of immigrants investigated the relationship between education in the native language (L1) and development of oral proficiency in a second language (L2), also considering other variables such as age, age at settlement, and length of settlement in the L2 country. Literacy in L1 was not a formal variable, but was roughly implied by extent of L1 education. Two populations were studied: (1) 282 public assistance recipients enrolled in one New York City (New York) English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) program, with data taken from registration forms, and (2) subjects reported in a citywide database on literacy. In each case, oral proficiency was determined by the same standardized test. Results strongly support the hypothesis that education in L1 correlates positively with L2 oral proficiency. In addition, they also suggest that the age of settlement correlates negatively with L2 oral proficiency, a relationship that continues well into adulthood, and somewhat less strongly, that length of settlement in the L2 culture correlates positively with L2 oral proficiency. A brief bibliography, ESL language test and score sheet, demographic data on subjects, and charted results are appended. (MSE) (Adjunct ERIC Clearinghouse on Literacy Education)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
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