ERIC Number: ED373440
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Apr
Emancipatory Research: Support for Women's Access to Power. Draft.
Brunner, C. Cryss
This paper presents findings of a critical ethnography that examined the relationship between gender and the definition of power, and its use in the politicized role of the superintendent. Based on Stewart Clegg's (1988) conceptualization of power relationships as "circuits of power," the ethnography was conducted in a larger metropolitan area headed by a female superintendent. Data were obtained from nonstandardized interviews with those in male circuits of power, those in female circuits of power, and those related to the superintendent either directly or indirectly. Other data sources included document analysis and nonparticipant and participant observation. Findings indicate that: (1) women define power differently than men; (2) when women operate according to the female concept of power (viewed as "power to" rather than as "power over"), their chances to acquire positions of power increase dramatically; (3) women who attain positions of power are most successful when they adopt female approaches to power that stress collaboration, inclusion, and consensus-building; (4) to become powerful, women must become culturally bilingual (speak the language of males while remaining feminine); and (5) women are normally excluded from the male circuit of power. Contains 70 references. (LMI)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New Orleans, LA, April 4-8, 1994).