ERIC Number: ED373435
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of the California Voucher Initiative on Public Expenditures for Education.
Shires, Michael A.; And Others
This handbook summarizes the probable effects of California's school-voucher initiative on public spending for K-12 education. The Parental Choice in Education Initiative (Proposition 174) was rejected by voters in the November 2, 1993, election. It sought to establish a system of annual vouchers, funded by public tax dollars, that elementary and secondary students could use to pay tuition at private schools. The book's findings are based on a complex simulation model of enrollment, tax revenues, and other trends over the next decade. It takes a neutral position and attempts to provide an analytic framework for evaluating the claims of opponents and advocates. Specifically, the analysis examines the likely effects of Proposition 174 on total state spending for K-12 education, and on spending per pupil in the public schools. In general, findings indicate that the fiscal effects of Proposition 174 are highly uncertain. Voting for the proposition may help to avoid a fiscal crisis. However, if relatively few students shift to private schools, or if certain provisions of the initiative are interpreted in certain ways, the proposition could actually worsen California's fiscal situation and simultaneously reduce the resources available to each public school pupil. Voting against the measure, however, may court the serious risk that there is no better option for heading off the state's looming fiscal crisis. Until all four players in the debate--voters, courts, parents, and the state--have exercised their influence, the initiative's fiscal impact is unknown. Twenty-one figures and 13 tables are included. Appendices contain projection models and a copy of Proposition 174. (LMI)
Descriptors: Economic Impact, Educational Economics, Educational Finance, Educational Vouchers, Elementary Secondary Education, Enrollment Trends, Expenditure per Student, Expenditures, Private Schools, Public Schools, School Choice, Tuition Grants
RAND, 1700 Main Street, P.O. Box 2138, Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Lilly Endowment, Inc., Indianapolis, IN.
Authoring Institution: Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA. Inst. on Education and Training.
Identifiers - Location: California