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ERIC Number: ED373370
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Apr
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Integrating Oral Communication Skills across the Curriculum.
Cardoza, John A.
The speech/debate team at St. Mary's High School in Stockton, California, begins each competition with a prayer and does not emphasize winning trophies. Nevertheless, they consistently qualify their students at the yearly state championships. According to their coach, this is because the school has supportive and encouraging administrators and faculty who understand the real value of oral communication education. Just as all teachers should be teachers of reading, so all teachers should be teachers of oral communication skills. Teachers constantly model effective oral communication--teaching basic skills, such as speaking clearly, listening carefully, and thinking critically. Speaking skills include situations common to all classrooms, but because they are so common, teachers ignore the tremendous opportunity these situations provide to teach speaking skills directly rather than by osmosis. These skills can be grouped into five areas: affective, ritualistic, imaginative, informative, and persuasive. Classrooms also provide the opportunity to introduce and develop certain basic listening skills: listening to learn, listening to comprehend, listening to support or negate, listening to evaluate, and listening to appreciate. Some steps that teachers can take to instruct students in oral communication are: (1) know what is to be taught; (2) be gentle; (3) be realistic; (4) be creative; and (5) be affirming. Even if a required speech course is not possible, teachers can provide students with opportunities to become articulate, comfortable, and practiced in the skills of oral communication. (NKA)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A