ERIC Number: ED373281
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994
Self-Esteem as an Antidote to Crime and Violence.
Reasoner, Robert W.
The United States suffers the highest incidence of interpersonal violence among all industrial nations, and violence among youth is increasing. While the causes of crime and violence are multiple and complex, research indicates that self-esteem is a critical factor as both a source of crime prevention and an essential element of rehabilitation and behavioral change. This paper discusses three conclusions drawn by the author about violence and self-esteem in America: (1) low self-esteem is closely associated with various forms of crime and violence, thus explaining why many rehabilitation and correction programs do not curb violent and abusive behavior; (2) programs that foster self-esteem have proven effective in reducing violence; and (3) parents, child-care providers, law enforcement officials, school personnel, and social workers need to understand the significance of self-esteem and should be trained in strategies to enhance it. After outlining the causal connection between low self-esteem and violence, the author explores various self-esteem inhibitors, such as negative school experiences. Finally, in exploring the question, "Can self-esteem be used to reduce crime and violence?," the writer cites numerous programs which enhance youth self-esteem and which bring about desirable behaviors. (Contains 40 references.) (RJM)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Prepared for National Council for Self-Esteem.