ERIC Number: ED373162
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Apr
Nurturing Community Growth and Enrichment through Adult Volunteerism in Urban Communities.
Safrit, R. Dale; King, Jeff E.
A 1993 research study in five Ohio cities and surrounding urban communities investigated expressed motivations and needs and selected demographics of adult volunteers and nonvolunteers in urban communities. Random telephone surveys of 2,742 urban households were conducted by urban volunteers in each city. A 78 percent response rate and a 51 percent completion rate were achieved. The survey instrument was organized around five research constructs: potential volunteer activity, potential reasons for volunteering, potential barriers to volunteering, potential philanthropic activity, and respondent demographics. Findings indicated adult urban volunteers were demographically similar to those identified for the general U.S. population by a 1992 national survey conducted by the Independent Sector; the non-volunteers differed from the volunteers in being younger and having a lower total household income. Reasons for volunteering were intrinsic; they included helping others, feeling good, enjoying activity, believing in a cause, and being asked. Reasons for not volunteering were as follows: too busy, too many hours, schedule conflicts, no interest, no one asked, and requires long-term commitment. The study supported the Independent Sector's findings that intrinsic motivations and reasons for volunteering were critical to an individual's decision whether or not to volunteer. Adults were more likely to volunteer on an informal basis, where they worked directly with others, rather than through organized agencies and group-oriented opportunities. (Contains 16 references.) (YLB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the International Conference on the Practice of Adult Education and Social Development (Jinan, China, April 13-18, 1994).