ERIC Number: ED373074
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992
Relative Costs of Various Types of Assessments.
Wheeler, Patricia H.
Issues of the relative costs of multiple choice tests and alternative types of assessment are explored. Before alternative assessments in large-scale or small-scale programs are used, attention must be given to cost considerations and the resources required to develop and implement the assessment. Major categories of cost to be considered are development and selection costs, administration, and scoring and reporting costs. The relative direct-money costs of multiple-choice, constructed- response, and extended-performance assessments are compared within these three categories. Some examples are given of estimated and actual costs for several major testing programs. It is evident that test users must carefully determine all costs associated with the use of an assessment (direct, indirect, and opportunity) as well as tradeoffs for students and customers. Costs down the road as well as costs of the first year must be considered. The move toward alternative assessment should be done cautiously with careful consideration to short-term and long-term money costs, as well as other costs and benefits associated with this assessment approach. (Contains 20 references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Administration, Alternative Assessment, Comparative Analysis, Constructed Response, Cost Effectiveness, Cost Estimates, Costs, Educational Assessment, Estimation (Mathematics), Evaluation Methods, Multiple Choice Tests, Performance Based Assessment, Resource Allocation, Scoring, Selection, Test Construction, Test Use
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A