ERIC Number: ED372906
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Women in Mathematics and Physics: Inhibitors and Enhancers.
Frazier-Kouassi, Susan; And Others
In response to a request by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation to examine what attracted women to physics and mathematics, this report has two major goals: (1) to provide a literature review of published studies on women at the college and post college levels in science and mathematics; and (2) to present synopses of three studies carried out at the University of Michigan. The literature review is separated into five topics: (1) statistical trends about women in mathematics and physics; enrollment and graduation trends: decline in interest, and undergraduate programs producing students who earn advanced degrees; (2) enrollment and attrition studies investigating factors influencing women to pursue mathematics and science majors; (3) background characteristics of women in science, mathematics, and engineering; (4) determinants of women's achievement in mathematics and science (individual, environmental, and multiple factors); and (5) interventions employed to recruit and retain women in nontraditional fields of study. The three studies focused on what men and women in mathematics and physics courses believed enhanced and inhibited their decisions to pursue or not to pursue academic work and careers in mathematics and physics. The report ends with recommendations for institutional changes which would have the greatest impact on improving the academic experience of women in the fields of mathematics and physics. (Contains over 300 references.) (MDH)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor.