ERIC Number: ED372894
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Nov
Charting a New Course: Finding Alcohol Treatment for Native American Women.
Moss, Kary L.
Although the incidence of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) has been called an "epidemic" on some American Indian reservations, solutions for Native American women with alcohol and drug dependency problems have largely been ignored by the federal government. FAS prevention policy, originating around 1979, has been driven by the simplistic idea that women are responsible for FAS, and has focused primarily on the health of the fetuses, not of the women themselves. Long-standing policy has ignored the dearth of gender-sensitive treatment programs for women, the devastating health consequences of alcohol use for all Native Americans, and the complex conditions that give rise to alcohol dependency. Tribes, especially those in rural areas, have limited access to federal funding for FAS prevention, and existing funding methods complicate service delivery. FAS prevention has meant, largely, that the federal government gives money to tribes to distribute educational materials and to identify those suffering from FAS, and gives money to the Centers for Disease Control and other agencies for surveillance studies. Existing FAS prevention efforts are largely unworkable due to gender insensitivity, lack of child care, social stigma, bureaucratic infighting, lack of interagency coordination, and lack of adequately trained staff. Although "primary prevention workers" have recently begun providing training to educators, related health education to children, and support and referral services, such workers are scarce and scattered. (SV)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A