ERIC Number: ED372734
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993
Reference Count: N/A
Schools, Teachers, Students and Computers: A Cross-National Perspective. IEA-Comped Study Stage 2.
Pelgrum, W. J., Ed.; And Others
The Computers in Education (Comped) study was designed as a two-stage survey. The first stage (1987-1990) was aimed at gathering information from a representative sample of schools at elementary, lower secondary and upper secondary level with regard to the state of computer use in education. The survey's focus was on the extent and availability of computers in schools, how computers are used, nature of instruction about computers, and the estimates of the effects that computers are having on students, curriculum, and the school as an institution. This publication describes Stage 2. The first part of Stage 2 was a repetition of the survey of Stage 1, with data collection centering on a school questionnaire. This enabled a longitudinal study of trends. Part 2 of Stage 2 studied the relationship between policy, practice, and outcomes with respect to computers in education relating variables referring to school, teacher, and classroom practice to student variables such as functional computer literacy, specific knowledge about and experiences with computers, performance in handling computers as well as attitudes towards computers and their uses. Ten countries (Austria, Bulgaria, Germany, Greece, India, Japan, Latvia, the Netherlands, Slovenia, and the United States) participated. Because thorough analyses have not yet been done, the presentation is mostly descriptive. The data collected are presented in 31 tables and 38 figures. Twelve appendixes, with an additional 30 tables, contain detailed information on participating countries, sampling, computer uses, and responses to specific questionnaire items. (Contains 56 references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Comparative Education, Computer Literacy, Computer Uses in Education, Cross Cultural Studies, Data Collection, Educational Policy, Educational Practices, Educational Technology, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Longitudinal Studies, Outcomes of Education, Questionnaires, Sampling, Sex Differences, Student Attitudes, Student Characteristics, Tables (Data), Teacher Characteristics
University of Twente, Center for Applied Educational Research, P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands.
Publication Type: Books; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Twente Univ. of Technology, Enschede (Netherlands).; International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement.
Identifiers - Location: Austria; Bulgaria; Germany; Greece; India; Japan; Latvia; Netherlands; Slovenia; United States