ERIC Number: ED372645
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994
Reference Count: N/A
Consultation and Collaboration: English as a Second Language and Regular Classroom Teachers Working Together.
van Loenen, Rita; Haley, Perry Kay
Collaboration between bilingual education and regular classroom teachers, drawing on research and experience in special education. Several models for consultation used in special education are outlined: process consultation, used to help the teacher clarify student needs and develop solutions through a prescribed set of activities; the doctor-patient model, which is largely prescriptive; and the "purchase" model, in which service to the children are bought. Factors in the consulting relationship are discussed, including resistance, listening and communication skills, shared responsibility, content knowledge needs, and pre-referral intervention. These principles of consultation are then applied to bilingual and English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) education as provided in pullout programs, focusing on the benefits of consultation and the special considerations inherent in bilingual and ESL instruction. One such program in an elementary school is described, and its characteristics illustrated in one interdisciplinary instructional unit. It is concluded that consultation programs offer benefits to both students and teachers, particularly when language and content area instruction are integrated. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Malave, Lilliam M. Ed. National Association for Bilingual Education (NABE). Annual Conference Journal, NABE '92-'93. See FL 022 341.