ERIC Number: ED372304
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
JTPA Programs and Adult Women on Welfare: Using Training To Raise AFDC Recipients above Poverty. Research Report No. 93-01.
Romero, Carol J.
A study examined the effectiveness of programs funded under Title II-A of the Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) in raising female recipients of Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) above poverty. Data about the employment/earnings outcomes of nearly 6,500 women from 150 JTPA service delivery areas in 11 states who participated in a JTPA program during program year 1986 were analyzed statistically. The JTPA system resulted in job placements for three-fourths of those AFDC/JTPA participants who had not worked for at least 1 year before enrolling in JTPA programs. Both job placement and occupational classroom training (OCT) were generally effective for AFDC/JTPA participants; however, younger African-American participants and school dropouts benefited more from on-the-job training, whereas graduates benefited more from OCT. Of those AFDC recipients placed by JTPA, 16% and 22% were above poverty in their first and second post-program years, respectively. A combination of services customized to individual needs proved most effective in helping AFDC recipients achieve economic self-sufficiency. (Fourteen figures/tables and 35 references are included. Appended are research findings from welfare demonstration projects; definitions of variables used in the multivariate models; and 23 tables summarizing the logit and post-program employment and poverty threshold models analyzed.) (MN)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Commission for Employment Policy (DOL), Washington, DC.