ERIC Number: ED372273
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993
Reference Count: N/A
Supplement to the "Compendium of Occupational Profiles at the Skilled Blue- and White-collar Worker Level." Situations and Trends: Supply and Demand for Skilled Workers. CEDEFOP Panorama. Supplement.
A study examined the supply and demand for skilled workers in the following sectors throughout the member countries of the European Community: agriculture (including horticulture and forestry); food industry and trades; hotels, restaurants, and catering industry; tourism; transport; textile industry; textile clothing; leather; wood; building (structural engineering and building construction); civil engineering; iron/steel; metalworking (including mechanical engineering and motor vehicle and plant construction); electrical engineering/electronics; motor vehicle repair; chemicals; print and the media; office/administration; and trade. The study revealed that, although higher qualifications are being required in many cases, the qualifications required for employment in some occupational areas are even lower than in the past. Increasingly, skilled workers were being expected only to understand complex information and data processing systems and machines rather than to run them with the precision and speed required in the past. A trend toward polarization between simple workplaces and highly qualified job areas was discovered in commercial and office work, and qualification requirements in office occupations were rising more sharply than in industrial manufacturing. Staff units, research and development, marketing, and highly qualified service jobs were found to be on the rise. Growing environmental awareness appeared to be affecting all occupations and jobs. (Contains 10 references.) (MN)
Descriptors: Agricultural Occupations, Auto Mechanics, Blue Collar Occupations, Building Trades, Emerging Occupations, Employment Patterns, Employment Qualifications, Engineering, Fashion Industry, Food Processing Occupations, Food Service, Foreign Countries, Hospitality Occupations, International Trade, Labor Needs, Labor Supply, Managerial Occupations, Metal Working, Office Occupations, Publishing Industry, Skilled Workers, Tourism, Transportation, Vocational Education, White Collar Occupations
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, Berlin (Germany).