ERIC Number: ED372184
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-May-18
Reference Count: N/A
Study on Job Training for Welfare Recipients Has Only Limited Implications for Welfare Reform Debate.
Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, Washington, DC.
A study used data on the characteristics, Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) program activities, and quarterly earnings of about 6,500 adult female Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) recipients who enrolled in JTPA programs in 11 states during Program Year 1986. The study tracked the experiences of the women in the JTPA programs and examined their employment and earnings for 2 years after leaving the programs. Findings showed about three-quarters of the AFDC/JTPA participants were placed into jobs. Of those who were placed in jobs, slightly over half had earnings in all 4 quarters of the first post-program year; somewhat less than half had earnings in all 4 quarters of the second year; about 16 percent had earnings above the 1990 federal poverty line for a 3-person family during their first post-program year; and about 22 percent had earnings above this level in the second year. Because the study lacked a control group, it provided limited information on the effectiveness of JTPA training for welfare recipients. Analysis indicated that the study had only limited relevance to the welfare time limit debate. At most, the results suggested that even among a select group of welfare recipients who were willing and able to enroll in a JTPA training program, a quarter did not find employment, half of those that did find jobs had difficulty staying employed, and only a small fraction earned their way out of poverty. (YLB)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Aid to Families with Dependent Children; Job Training Partnership Act 1982