ERIC Number: ED372134
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Mar
Community Level Factors and Child Maltreatment Rates.
Coulton, Claudia; And Others
Variation in rates of officially reported child maltreatment in urban neighborhoods is related to structural determinants of community social organization: economic and family resources, residential instability, household and age structure and geographic proximity of neighborhoods to concentrated poverty. Furthermore, child maltreatment rates are found to be intercorrelated with other indicators of the breakdown of community social control and organization. These other indicators are similarly affected by the structural dimensions of neighborhood context. Children who live in neighborhoods that are characterized by poverty, excessive numbers of children per adult resident, population turnover and the concentration of female-headed families are at highest risk of maltreatment. This analysis suggests that child maltreatment is but one manifestation of community social organization and that its occurrence is related to some of the same underlying macro-social conditions that foster other urban problems. (Contains 58 references, 5 tables, and 2 figures.) (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY.; Cleveland Foundation, OH.; National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect (DHHS/OHDS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, OH. Center for Urban Poverty and Social Change.