ERIC Number: ED372009
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993
Reference Count: N/A
Decreasing Reliance on Middle School Social Studies Textbooks through Staff Development.
Social studies teachers utilized outmoded textbooks to assign, discuss, and test a model that allowed little time for integration of other resources besides the text. With training, the teachers began to incorporate other instructional strategies. A questionnaire administered to six social studies teachers showed that five out of the six teachers used the text or notes based on the text on average 40 minutes out of every 50 minutes, and a questionnaire of 30 middle school students showed that 28 of the students studied for tests by exclusively using notes from lectures and questions from the end of the chapter. After administration of the questionnaires, teachers and students were trained in the use of innovative instructional strategies. The results indicated that the students spent approximately 1.5 periods per week using alternative strategies and resources other than the text. The teachers learned at least two new instructional strategies such as KWL and conceptual mapping. Resources used besides the text include the computer lab, newspapers, reference as well as authentic literature experiences, and hands on projects. All six of the teachers indicated in the post-questionnaire some growth using alternative resources and feeling comfortable using at least one strategy to some extent. (CK)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Practicum Papers; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ed.D. Practicum, Nova University.