ERIC Number: ED371992
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990
History, Theory, and Practice of Art Criticism in Art Education. Point of View Series.
The purpose of the monograph is to identify instructional practices in art criticism that are based upon historical developments in aesthetics. Part 1 presents a history of the transformation of the aesthetics into the three areas of art doctrine, art history, and art criticism. Part 2 provides an overview of major developments in the history and theory of art criticism from antiquity through modern aesthetics. Part 3 presents major aesthetic schemes and criticism models in contemporary art education. Four criticism models encompass many of the historical approaches to art criticism and are transferable into teaching materials: (1) mechanistic criticism; (2) formistic criticism; (3) contextualistic criticism; and (4) organismic criticism. The basis of four aesthetic schemes in contemporary art education provides further information: (1) aesthetic responding schemes; (2) analytic schemes; (3) interpretive schemes; and unifying schemes. Part 4 presents sample units of subject-centered lessons. Unit 1 studies emotional responding with the aesthetic responding schemes to provide a therapeutic opportunity to study subjective responses and express feelings. Unit 2 looks at the balance of emotion and restraint with the analytic scheme to develop the skills of describing and comparing elements in a field. Unit 3 studies interaction in art with interpretive schemes that teach the skills of integrating opposites. Unit 4 explores transcending nature with unifying schemes to develop the spontaneous and creative imagination. (Author/CK) Contains 30 references. (Author/CK)
Descriptors: Aesthetic Education, Aesthetic Values, Art, Art Appreciation, Art Criticism, Art Education, Art Expression, Art History, Critical Viewing, Educational Practices, Educational Theories, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Instructional Development, Models, Schematic Studies, Value Judgment
National Art Education Association, 1916 Association Drive, Reston, VA 22019-1590.
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Researchers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: National Art Education Association, Reston, VA.