ERIC Number: ED371982
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992
Education, Culture, and Development: Co-ordinated Policies and Strategies. The Situation in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Tedesco, J. C.
This document is a brief presentation of the relation among education, culture, and development in the Latin American and Caribbean countries that focuses on two major aspects: (1) the new development strategies currently being implemented in the region, and (2) the educational actions being undertaken as an answer to the new challenges posed by the new development strategies. The Latin American and Caribbean countries have initiated a significant process of change within their social and economic development's strategies. These new trends recognize that traditional strategies of development were based on three main factors: (1) the income of natural resources; (2) the external debt; and (3) the internal financial imbalance associated with high inflation taxes. Within this framework, Latin America's peculiarity lies on the fact that some countries attained economic growth while others achieved somewhat minimal equity levels, yet none fulfilled both the expected objectives of the development process simultaneously: growth and equity. Within the context of a development pattern based on the aforementioned factors, education's performance was only slightly connected with the demands of economic growth (due to the minimal use of technical progress as a production factor) and with the political or social integration requirements (because incorporation of the population in their capacity as citizens was weak and recurrently influenced by lengthy periods of authoritarianism and political exclusion). Curriculum innovations include decentralization, extension of participation to those outside the system, and new teaching methods. Obstacles to educational improvement are language differences and objections to conceiving the intercultural dimension as including the entire school population. (Author/DK)
Descriptors: Change Strategies, Culture, Economic Development, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Role of Education
International Bureau of Education, C. P. 199, 1211 Geneva 20, Switzerland.
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Santiago (Chile). Regional Office for Education in Latin America and the Caribbean.