ERIC Number: ED371879
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Mar
Social Competence Needs in Young Children: What the Research Says.
Tunstall, Dorothy F.
This paper reviews research on social competence in young children, outlining nine factors that influence the development of social competence. These are: (1) positive self-esteem; (2) a positive attitude; (3) active participation; (4) respect for others; (5) effective communication skills; (6) problem-solving ability; (7) an outgoing personality; (8) an ability to meet group and individual needs; and (9) a sense of optimism. Ten family factors were also found to have a significant influence on social competence, including a positive parent-child relationship, involvement of the child in family activities, respect of the child by family members, appropriate parental expectations, and a sense of spiritual or religious purpose. Finally, 12 school factors were identified as having an influence on social competence, including (1) appropriate teacher expectations; (2) respect for each child; (3) clear rules, (4) access to educational materials and activities, (5) cooperative and child-centered learning, (6) teaching of social skills, and (7) abundant social interaction. Includes 59 references. (MDM)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Association for Childhood Education International Study Conference (New Orleans, LA, March 30-April 2, 1994).