ERIC Number: ED371686
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994
Reference Count: N/A
The Academic Profession: An International Perspective. A Special Report.
Boyer, Ernest L.; And Others
This report examines the results of an international study of higher education systems, based on surveys of approximately 1,000 faculty in each of the following nations: United States, Germany, the Netherlands, Russia, Sweden, United Kingdom, Hong Kong, Japan, Korea, Brazil, Chile, Mexico, Israel, and Australia. Findings are organized around seven major themes: the profile of the professoriate, access to higher education, professional activities, working conditions of faculty, governance in the academy, higher education and society, and the international dimensions of academic life. Results indicated that: (1) the majority of faculty worldwide are male and middle-aged; (2) most faculty believe that higher education should be available to everyone who meets the minimum qualifications, but admission standards should not be lowered to admit disadvantaged students; (3) students currently enrolled are ill-prepared in language and math skills; (4) the majority of professors in several countries reported their interests lie primarily in teaching, while the majority in other countries preferred research; (5) in almost all countries, a strong record of successful research is important for faculty advancement; (6) professors reported a high sense of satisfaction with their intellectual lives, the courses they teach, and their relationships with colleagues, but are concerned about salaries; (7) faculty felt that academic freedom was protected nationally, but sometimes not supported by campus administrators; (8) professors felt an obligation to apply their knowledge to social problems; and (9) connections with scholars in other countries were seen as very important. Seventy figures illustrate survey findings. (JDD)
Descriptors: Academic Freedom, Access to Education, Administrator Attitudes, College Faculty, Educational Environment, Foreign Countries, Governance, Higher Education, International Studies, Quality of Working Life, Research, Role of Education, Student Characteristics, Surveys, Teacher Attitudes, Teacher Characteristics, Teacher Role, Work Environment
California/Princeton Fulfillment Services, 1445 Lower Ferry Rd., Ewing, NJ 08618 ($8).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, Princeton, NJ.
Identifiers - Location: Australia; Brazil; Chile; Germany; Hong Kong; Israel; Japan; Mexico; Netherlands; Russia; South Korea; Sweden; United Kingdom; United States