ERIC Number: ED371636
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Apr-22
Translation: Elements of a Craft.
Heiderson, Mazin A.
An overview of the skills, techniques, tools, and compensation of language translators and interpreters is offered. It begins with a definition of translation and a brief history of translation in the western world. Basic principles of translation dating back to Roman writers are also outlined. A five-step process in producing a good translation are then described in greater detail: (1) determining the nature of the text; (2) amplifying the text in the original (source) language; (3) producing a rough but complete translation in the target language; (4) producing an idiomatic translation in the target language; and (5) testing the effectiveness of the translation. A discussion of the tools of translation considers the importance of general reference materials in both source and target languages, dictionaries, and extensive and continuous reading in both source and target languages. The labor-intensive nature of translation is noted, and some basic guidelines for per-page translation costs are provided. (MSE)
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Michigan Bilingual/Migrant Education Conference (17th, Ypsilanti, MI, April 21-23, 1994).