ERIC Number: ED371632
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Jun-26
Phoneme-Grapheme Mapping: Serial Position Curves and Tonic Phonemes in Spanish.
Garrott, Carl L.
Two experiments investigated the relationship between Spanish phonology and Spanish second-language (L2) learners' spelling success. Specifically, they examined: (1) differences in proportions of initial, middle, and final consonants spelled correctly by L2 learners; (2) differences in proportions of initial, middle, and final vowels spelled correctly; and (3) differences in correct spelling of stressed and unstressed syllables. In the first experiment, first-semester college students of Spanish spelled non-words with typical Spanish spelling conventions, all with initial, middle, and final consonants or vowels. Results showed similar proportions of correct spelling of initial and final consonants, but less common correct spelling of the middle consonants. Initial, middle, and final vowels were all correctly spelled with about the same frequency. In the second experiment, students attempted to write non-words with Spanish phonological conventions and place an accent on the appropriate vowel. It was found that phonemes in unstressed syllables tended to be spelled less accurately than those in stressed syllables, and consonant omissions and misspellings outnumbered vowel errors significantly in either stressed or unstressed syllables. It is concluded that Spanish has intrinsic phoneme-grapheme mapping difficulty, with consonants in any position more difficult than vowels to hear and spell. Contains 26 references. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A