ERIC Number: ED371507
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990
Severe Disabilities. ERIC Digest #311. Revised.
Council for Exceptional Children, Reston, VA.; ERIC Clearinghouse on Handicapped and Gifted Children, Reston, VA.
This digest defines the term "severe disabilities"; lists some typical behavioral characteristics of individuals with severe disabilities, such as self-mutilation and lack of self-care skills; and outlines the educational implications of severe disabilities. The digest stresses the need for a multidisciplinary approach to education; the need for a curriculum grounded in preliminary sensory motor stimulation and subsequent stress on five major areas: motor, self-help, communication, social/interpersonal, and cognitive skills. Moreover, there is the need for prevocational/vocational training, leisure skills development, and daily living skills; and the need to carefully structure instruction in even the most basic skills as severely disabled individuals do not learn easily by incidental learning. A list of 11 references and 7 organizations providing resources concludes the digest. (JDD)
Descriptors: Curriculum, Definitions, Educational Methods, Elementary Secondary Education, Intervention, Severe Disabilities, Student Characteristics
Council for Exceptional Children, 1920 Association Dr., Reston, VA 22091-1589 ($1 each, minimum order $5 prepaid).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Council for Exceptional Children, Reston, VA.; ERIC Clearinghouse on Handicapped and Gifted Children, Reston, VA.