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ERIC Number: ED371434
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Apr
Pages: 26
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Organizational Climate in Schools in White Communities in South Africa: A Validation of the OCDQ-RS.
Mentz, Kobus; Westhuizen, Philip van der
Teacher-principal relations play an important role in creating a positive school climate. This paper describes findings of a study that sought to: (1) determine the reliability of the Organizational Climate Description Questionnaire--Rutgers Secondary (OCDQ-RS) in a South African context, and (2) measure the openness of the organizational climates of schools in the Orange Free State Education Department (OFSED). The questionnaire was administered in 1990 to 86 schools. Responses from 1,198 teachers in 78 secondary schools in the region controlled by the OFSED were received. The instrument measured five factors of organizational climate--two of principal management behaviors and three of staff relations practices. Findings show that the instrument was a reliable measure of organizational climate in South African schools. Teachers in smaller schools experienced more open organizational climates than teachers in larger schools. In general, principals took an interest in teachers' well-being and used constructive criticism; however, they also tended to exercise strict control over their teachers. Finally, the findings point to the importance of creating an open organizational climate for attaining the objectives of pedagogical instruction. Ten figures are included. (LMI)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Africa
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Organizational Climate Description Questionnaire