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ERIC Number: ED371366
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Mar
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Inter-Cultural Elements in the Collaboration between John G. Neihardt and Black Elk: Meeting in the "Contact Zones."
Connal, Louise Rodriguez
The life of Nicholas Black Elk and the collaboration between him and John G. Neihardt on the book "Black Elk Speaks" presages or corresponds with current scholarly discussions of "transculturation." The diversity in society and the schools requires an enhancement of positive experiences in the inter-cultural "Contact Zones." Neihardt's and Black Elk's collaboration shows that "agency" (natives speaking for themselves and for their own view of their histories) can be accomplished in collaboration, even when the collaboration is between people of unequal power and control. The collaboration also shows that despite the fact that Black Elk could not control the final product, he did in fact have sufficient influence in the final product because of the element of "transculturation." Neihardt's and Black Elk's collaboration at documenting his childhood vision that he had the power to heal and the gift of prophecy shows the positive qualities of intercultural cooperation. The importance of "Black Elk Speaks" goes beyond the work's effect on the collaborators--Black Elk foresaw the need for his people to have a source of information about their own culture and spiritual lives. (Contains 20 references.) (RS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A