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ERIC Number: ED371295
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-May
Pages: 79
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Improving Reading Abilities of Average and Below Average Readers through Peer Tutoring.
Galezio, Marne; And Others
A program was designed to improve the progress of average and below average readers in a first-grade, a second-grade, and a sixth-grade classroom in a multicultural, multi-social economic district located in a three-county area northwest of Chicago, Illinois. Classroom teachers noted that students were having difficulty making adequate progress in reading, as evidenced by continuing struggles with reading from year to year, difficulty in reading content area material, consistently low test scores, and low interest and frustration on the part of students. Administration of the MacMillan Placement test, reading placement scores, and reading grades confirmed the problem and described its extent. Analysis of probable cause data revealed that many readers lacked quality time spent practicing reading at home, and in school with teachers and other students. Although students reported valuing reading, poor attitudes and lack of motivation were apparent. These attitudes transferred to off-task behavior during silent reading, reading instruction, and assigned reading time. Solution strategies consisted of peer tutoring supported by social skill instruction designed to improve on-task time, allow for individual reading instruction, improve self-esteem, and improve attitudes toward reading. Results indicated that peer tutoring had a positive impact on all children. Reading abilities and attitudes were either maintained, or, in many cases, improved. Contains 25 references, 2 tables, and 4 figures of data. The peer tutor flyer, tutor tally sheets, a tutee evaluation sheet, and the Elementary Reading Attitude Survey instrument are attached.) (RS)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Illinois