ERIC Number: ED371282
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Aug
Developing Gender and Ethnically Relevant AIDS Prevention Interventions for High Risk Adolescents.
Gutierrez, Lorraine; And Others
The need to create social work interventions consistent with the needs and perceptions of different gender and ethnic groups has long been recognized. This article presents a method for using empirical data and consumer input to create a gender and ethnically relevant AIDS prevention intervention for African- and European-American adolescents. To design effective programs, researchers must learn about the target group and then use that knowledge to create methods best suited for that group. For this study, five methods (the "Take 5 Program") were used throughout the intervention development process to ensure gender and ethnic sensitivity: (1) empirical study of the target population; (2) focus groups; (3) advisory group input; (4) consumer input; and (5) pilot testing. Researchers evaluated this approach's effectiveness by using measures of consumer perceptions and learning. Data suggest that this procedure successfully integrated ethnic factors and women's concerns into a program to prevent the spread of sexually transmitted diseases among adolescents. No gender or ethnic differences existed on the learning measures. These strategies and findings can provide guidance for practitioners and researchers who wish to tailor their interventions for particular populations. The method can also be used to involve consumers and community members in the process of developing interventions. (RJM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (101st, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August 20-24, 1993). An earlier version of this paper was presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Public Health Association (Washington, DC, November 1992).